FAQ | Acne

Acne is the most common skin condition. The information can help you understand acne. Many people think that acne is just pimples. But a person who has acne can have any of these blemishes blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules (what many people call pimples), cysts, and, nodules. Acne can appear on the back, chest, neck, shoulders, upper arms and buttocks. Acne can cause low self-esteem, depression, dark spots on the skin, permanent scars. People who get acne cysts and nodules often see scars when the acne clears. You can prevent these scars. Be sure to see a dermatologist for treatment. Treating acne before cysts and nodules appear can prevent scars. Most people who have acne are teenagers or young adults. Some women get acne when they reach middle age.

Acne appears when a pore in our skin clogs. This clog begins with dead skin cells. Normally, dead skin cells rise to surface of the pore, and the body sheds the cells. When the body starts to make lots of sebum, oil that keeps our skin from drying out, the dead skin cells can stick together inside the pore. Instead of rising to the surface, the cells become trapped inside the pore. Sometimes bacteria that live on our skin, p. acnes, also get inside the clogged pore. Inside the pore, the bacteria have a perfect environment for multiplying very quickly. With loads of bacteria inside, the pore becomes inflamed (red and swollen). There are many effective acne treatments. But it does mean that virtually every case of acne can be controlled. Despite the claims, acne treatment does not work overnight. Treatment requires 4-8 weeks to see improvement. Once acne clears, you must continue to treat the skin to prevent breakouts. Oral medicines is usually necessary to treat acne cysts and nodules. Dermatologist may prescribe one or more of these: antibiotics (helps to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation), birth control pills and other medicine that works on hormones (can be helpful for women), and Isotretinoin (the only treatment that works on all that causes acne).

Without treatment, acne can cause permanent scars, low self-esteem, depression, and anxiety. To avoid these possible outcomes, dermatologists recommend that people treat acne. When the skin clears, treatment should continue. Treatment prevents new breakouts. You can reduce your acne by following these skin care tips from dermatologists. Wash twice a day and after sweating. Perspiration, especially when wearing a hat or helmet, can make acne worse, so wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating. Use your fingertips to apply a gentle, non-abrasive cleanser. Use gentle products.. Do not use products that irritate your skin, which may include astringents, toners and exfoliants. If you pick, pop or squeeze your acne, your skin will take longer to clear and you increase the risk of getting acne scars. Keep your hands off your face. Touching your skin throughout the day can cause flare-ups.